Turkmenistan is considered a large nation due to its total area. Its total land area is 488,100 km² (about 188,456 mi²). The continental shelf of Turkmenistan is approximately 0 km². Turkmenistan is in Asia. Asia is the largest and most populous continent on earth. Asian countries include Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea, among others. Turkmenistan has 4 neighboring countries. Its neighbors include Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan. Turkmenistan is a landlocked country. The average altitude range of Turkmenistan is 230 m (755 ft).
Neighbors The total length of land borders of Turkmenistan is 4158 kilometers (~1,605 miles). Turkmenistan shares its land borders with 4 different countries and has the same number of unique land borders with neighboring territories. If, as in the case of Turkmenistan, a country has the same number of distinct neighboring regions as land borders, then that country does not have non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous stretches of land borders. Turkmenistan has 4 neighboring countries. Its neighbors include Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The lengths of land borders of Turkmenistan with its neighboring countries are as follows:
Afghanistan - 744 km (462 miles), Iran - 992 km (617 miles), Kazakhstan - 379 km (236 mi), Uzbekistan - 1,621 km (1,007 miles).
Cities The capital of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat. The largest city in Turkmenistan is Ashgabat.
Elevation The average altitude range of Turkmenistan is 230 m (755 ft). The highest point of Turkmenistan is Gora Ayrybaba with an official elevation of 3139 m (10,299 ft). The lowest point of Turkmenistan is Vpadina Akchanaya. It is at -81 m (-266 ft), i.e. below sea level. The difference in altitude between the highest (Gora Ayrybaba) and the lowest (Vpadina Akchanaya) point of Turkmenistan is 3220 m (2 ft).
Area The total land area of Turkmenistan is 488,100 km² (about 188,456 mi²). and the total Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Turkmenistan is approximately 0 km². Including the landmass and the EEZ, the total area of Turkmenistan is approximately 488,100 km² (~188,456 mi²). Turkmenistan is considered a large nation due to its total area.
Forest and farmland 41,270 km² of the territory of Turkmenistan is covered with forests, and forest areas account for 8% of the total area of the country. There are 17,754 km² of arable land in Turkmenistan, which is 4% of the country's total area.